Tango is not only a fascinating dance but also a fascinating philosophy, culture and lifestyle. The search of tango is the search of humanity, connection, love, unity, harmony and beauty, i.e., an idealism that is not consistent with the dehumanizing reality of the modern world. The world divides us as individuals, but tango unites us as a team, community and people. In tango we are not individualists, feminists, nationalists, liberals, conservatives, Democrats, Republicans, etc., but interconnected and interdependent members of the human family. Tango calls us to tear down the walls, to build bridges, and to regain humanity through connection, cooperation, accommodation, reconciliation and compromise. It is a dance that teaches the world to love.




December 16, 2014

The Freedom in Tango


The freedom in tango is not the freedom of the part in the lower sense, but the freedom of the whole in the higher sense. (See The Spirit of Tango.)

In America, many people think of freedom as such: Every individual person is a sovereign being with certain unalienable rights granted to him/her by the Creator, including life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. Since self-interests are the motivation of the individual, competition with others is justified. Government is instituted to protect the rights of the individual to pursue self-interests and compete with others. Education is designed to empower the individual so he/she may succeed in the competition. Economics aims at stimulating growth by encouraging competition and consumption, disregarding that the natural resources are shared by all people and have to be exploited wisely and utilized prudently, the cooperation among people, and the fair distribution of wealth, etc. Politicians concern more about the special interests that they represent than environmental protection, ecological balance, rational use of natural resources, fair distribution of wealth, social harmony and other things relating to the common interests of all people.

This civilization, based on self-interests, competition, predatory development and irrational consumption, however, is facing grave crisis now. On the one hand is the unchecked greed, on the other is the depleting natural resources. On the one hand is the extravagant lifestyle and tremendous waste, on the other is the deteriorating environment. On the one hand is the surge in GDP, on the other is the increasing inequality. On the one hand is the exorbitant wealth of a few, on the other is the struggles of many. Obviously, the theoretical foundation of our civilization has serious flaws. It does not give enough consideration on coexistence, equality, fairness, cooperation and sharing. It created only a tiny minority of winners but a vast maority of losers. (See Tango Is the Search of a Dream.)

The Declaration of Independence states, "We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, - That whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness."

It seems to me that we need to take a long hard look at these words. Do we understand their meaning truthfully? Should we decide to change the foundation upon which our society is meant to be built? Because it turns out, the individualistic interpretation of the Constitution has not brought, nor will it bring the safety and happiness that most people are seeking for. (See Tango and Equality.)

When tango was imported, few Americans realized that a new idea was introduced. In contrast to individualism, tango does not see the individual as an independent sovereign but as a part of the whole in an interconnected, interdependent and complementary relationship with others without whom the individual alone is not complete regardless of how important he/she is from his/her own perspective. (See Tango and Individualism.) In tango, the two partners can only perform well when they cooperate with each other, and only in such cooperation can each person enjoy the maximum joy. The success, therefore, is not that of any single individual alone, but that of the team as a whole. The partners are not in a relationship of competition, control, power struggle or taking advantage of each other, but that of love, submission, collaboration, accommodation and complement. (See A Dance that teaches People to Love.)

Resting in his arms, surrendering herself to him, feeling his masculine strength, enjoying his attention and protection, sharing his feelings, following his lead without worry, moving in harmony with him and letting her femininity and beauty display to meet and attract him, these to the woman mean pleasure, security and realization of her value as a woman. On the other hand, being with her, winning her trust, enjoying her obedience, affection and seduction, feeling her feminine body twisting in his arms, pampering her, protecting her and displaying her beauty, these to the man mean pleasure, comfort and realization of his value as a man. Tango brings men and women to their original state where the two sexes are in a destined fellowship, where there is no calculation of gains and losses, no exchange of money and power, no self-interests and worldly concerns, only the simple pleasure and satisfaction of being with each other, and where all Esmeraldas and Quasimodos enjoy the same dignity and respect of the royalties.

Happiness is an inner contentment of being in harmony with the world. Radical ideologies such as egoism, individualism, feminism, aggression and power politics are destructive of that end. In tango, what is regarded virtuous is love, solidarity, submission, kindness, cooperation and sharing. Although tango does not involve economic activities, as an act of cooperation its joy is shared. This principle can be extended to other aspects of life as well. What is not based on self-interests does not submit to the control of the invisible hand of capital and greed. We can logically infer that wealth, too, can be distributed fairly to allow all who have participated in its creation to share, rather than being hogged by a few. Just like the victory of a sports team is resulted from the cooperation of the team members, so the honor is given to all players rather than just the one who scored. Shareholding, therefore, seems to be a better way of distributing wealth than minimum wages. (See Mammonism.)

How we see ourselves decides how we organize our political, economic, social and cultural lives. Jean-Jacques Rousseau said, "Man is born free, yet everywhere he is in chains." We created our own chains. We must also be unchained by ourselves. Unfortunately, our civilization has not yet evolved to that stage, I am afraid, as attested again by the recent reports on tortures, etc. To be a free people, we must first understand what that means. There is still a long way before we truly gain freedom - one that is stated in our Constitution. I can only hope that tango will help to gear up that process. (See The World Needs a Different Philosophy.)