Tango is not only a fascinating dance, but also a fascinating philosophy, culture, and lifestyle. The pursuit of tango is the pursuit of connection, love, unity, beauty, harmony and humanity, i.e., an idealism that is not consistent with the dehumanizing reality of the modern world. The world divides us as individuals, but tango unites us as a people and species. In tango we are not individualists, feminists, nationalists, liberals, conservatives, Democrats, Republicans, etc., but interconnected and interdependent members of the human family. Tango calls us to tear down the walls, to build bridges, and to regain humanity through connection, cooperation, reconciliation and compromise. It is a dance that teaches the world to love.




October 24, 2018

Pluralism vs. Monism


Pluralism posits that the world is composed of many entities independent of each other, in contrast to monism which views the seemly independent parts as connected fragments of an integrated whole. Pluralism is used by individualists to underscore the individuality, independence, liberty and sovereignty of the individual, and to promote personal freedom, diversity, unconventionality, alternative life style, LGBTQIAPK, same-sex marriage, multiculturalism, etc., against the monist view regarding individuals as interdependent parts of a coherent human society, emphasizing unity, connection, integration, harmony, common values, common cause, responsibility, and the well-being of the society as a whole. (See A Wise Voice.)

Aristotle said, "The whole is greater than the sum of its parts." Before modern times, monism was the dominant philosophy throughout human history. (See Meeting in the Middle.) Early humans understood the importance of unity and cooperation to their survival. That is changed when modern science and technology empowered the individual and made the individual increasingly self-sufficient, resulting in the rising of individualism and pluralism that lead to divergent personal choices and lifestyles, multiculturalism promoting different cultures and values, relativism denying the difference between right and wrong, good and evil and civil and uncivil, affirmative action protecting marginal cultures, minorities, heterodoxies and alternative lifestyles, reversed discrimination against mainstream culture and orthodox tradition, and the aggrandizing fragmentation, division, disunity and polarization of the society. (See The Spirit of Tango.)

What pluralism and individualism fail to take into consideration is that as a people we rely on each other for survival and our success depends on our cooperation. (See Tango and Individualism.) Human societies must be based on philosophies that unite people rather than divide people, and some forms of government, organization and order. Turning people into egocentric rivals could only create conflict, animosity and chaos, as attested by the unrest resulted from the US led efforts to "free" people, and the consequent refugee problem, aggravated by the open-border policy and multiculturalism at home. The situation could only get worse if we keep propagating radical liberalism, asserting absolute personal freedom, putting the self above the society, opposing any order that we consider authoritarian, calling democracy "the tyranny of the majority", fragmenting the society into more and more conflicting entities, disparaging mainstream culture and tradition, labeling one gender the sex predator of the other, and politicizing and radicalizing education, media and law. (See Tango and Equality.)

Neither authoritarianism that deprives personal freedom nor individualism that rejects common interests, connection and cooperation can lead to a harmonious society. A healthy and coherent society is based on unity, love, sharing and collaboration of its people who are united, agreeable, cooperative, accommodating, putting common causes above personal interests, and working as a team. (See The Lessons of Tango.) - That is how we dance tango. That is how a company becomes successful. That is how a nation wins a war. And that is how America can become strong again. Despite the negative influence of pluralism and individualism, tango gives us a new perspective to see ourselves as interdependent members of the community. Tango teaches us to cherish, love, cooperate and accommodate with each other, and has demonstrated that is the only way to a better world. (See The Freedom in Tango.)


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